By : Germanteacher -B, Blog, Die 4 Fälle, Grammar, Verbs
Are you never really sure about whether to use “für”, “von” or “nach”? There is a rescue in sight! In this post, you learn how to find the right preposition in German.
I do believe that prepositions are one of the biggest challenges in studying languages. This is because most of the time, they are contradicting within different languages, and therefore one cannot simply use the one that is used in the first or second language for the same verb.
For example, in German, we say “glauben an etwas” but in English it is “believe in something”. Also in German, we say “hoffen auf etwas” while in English it is “hope for something”.
However, German has, as most of the languages, some fixed pairs of verbs and their according prepositions. This means that if you know that “träumen” (to dream) always appears with the preposition “von”, you can quickly start building your sentences with more confidence and focus on other aspects of your message.
Also, studying these verbs and their fixed prepositions will assist you in tests and later on in your German studies when you need to transform them as in:
“Ich träume von dem Auto. – Ich träume davon.” (I dream of the car. – I dream of it).
And as a third aspect, choosing the wrong preposition might change the whole meaning of your sentence and throw you in tricky situations which could become a little awkward.
Following you can find the most essential verbs with fixed prepositions:
|antworten auf (Akk)||to answer to|
|anfangen mit (Dat)||to start with|
|aufhören mit (Dat)||to stop|
|beginnen mit (Dat)||to start with|
|berichten über (Akk)||to report about|
|bitten um (Akk)||to ask for|
|danken für (Akk)||to thank for|
|denken an (Akk)||to think about|
|diskutieren mit (Dat)||to discuss|
|entschuldigen für (Akk)||to apologize for|
|s. erinnern an (Akk)||to remember|
|s. erholen von (Dat)||to recover from|
|erzählen von (Dat)||to tell about|
|fragen nach (Dat)||ask for|
|glauben an (Akk)||to believe in|
|gehören zu (Dat)||to belong to|
|helfen bei (Dat)||to help with|
|hoffen auf (Dat)||to hope for|
|s. informieren über (Akk)||to inform|
|s. interessieren für (Akk)||to be interested in|
|lachen über (Akk)||to laugh about|
|reden über (Akk)||to talk about|
|sprechen über (Akk)||to speak about|
|sprechen mit (Dat)||to speak with|
|telefonieren mit (Dat)||to call with|
|träumen von (Dat)||to dream of|
|nachdenken über (Akk)||to think about|
|s. verabschieden von (Dat)||to say goodbye to|
|verliebt sein in (Akk)||to be in love with|
|warten auf (Akk)||to wait for|
Now, as you are a pro with the German prepositions, you can deepen your knowledge by downloading the free worksheet for verbs with fixed prepositions (including answers).
Viel Erfolg und bis bald!