How to ask a question in German

How to ask a question in German

You will want to know how to ask a question in German as it is an essential skill for mastering your everyday life. Luckily this is not so hard to learn and after this article and the attached worksheet you will a master of asking questions!

As in every language, there are two ways of asking a question:

  1. One can ask a closed question for which there are only the possibilities to say “ja” (yes) and “nein” (no) as an answer. Usually, these questions do not need a question word and can be formed with any verb.

 

In order to do so, one simply needs to flip the verb to the first position of the sentence:

 

Normal sentence structure:

Du gehst nach Hause. (You go home.)

Er macht Hausaufgaben. (He does homework.)

Ihr schreibt einen Brief. (You write a letter.)

 

Question sentence structure:

Gehst du nach Hause? (Do you go home?)

Macht er Hausaufgaben? (Does he do homework?)

Schreibt ihr einen Brief? (Do you write a letter?)

 

  1. If you want to ask open questions, then you will need the according question words. In German, questions with question words are called “W-Fragen”.

We have the following basic question words:

 

German English
wer who
wie how
was what
warum why
wo where
woher from where
wohin where to
wann when

 

Normal sentence structure:

Du gehst nach Hause. (You go home.)

Er macht Hausaufgaben. (He does homework.)

Ihr schreibt einen Brief. (You write a letter.)

 

“W-Frage” question sentence structure:

The sentence order also changes a bit here and therefore we start with the question word with is followed by the verb and the subject/object:

 

Wohin gehst du? (Where do you go?)

Wer macht Hausaufgaben? (What does he do?)

Was macht ihr? (What do you do?)

 

As you could see, it is not very hard to ask a question in German. You can practice your knowledge with the free worksheet “How to ask a question in German” (including answers).

 

Bis bald!

Steffie

 

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