Did you start studying German? Now you probably face everybody’s darling “Nominative”. Often, German cases unsettle students as they do not fully understand their meaning. After reading this article, you will be a pro in terms of “Nominative” and ready for our upcoming adventure called “Accusative”. 

German sentences are built up of four cases. Depending on your first language or the ones you have already studied, it will be easier or more challenging for you to understand the concept of German grammar. However, you should be aware that you cannot (!) run away from studying the four cases (4 Fälle) if you wish to accomplish a level higher than A1. Also, you should know that once you have understood their concept, you have already won half the battle.

What is Nominative?

Nominative is the first case in the German case system. It describes the subject of the sentence. The subject of a sentence always and in any language describes the person or thing is doing something.

For instance: Der Mann ist nett.  – The man is nice.

As you can see, the man is the person who is doing something – he is nice. Now, you can always ask for the subject in your sentence by merely using the question word “wer” (who). In classical German, it can also be asked “was” (what) to ask for a subject that is not something alife. Now, during my time teaching German, I realized that this is very confusing because other cases also use “was”. This is why I would suggest you to only use “wer” in the beginning, until you are more confident and therefore will not get lost within the cases.

For our example above the question would be: Wer ist nett?

And the answer would be: der Mann

As you have already learned, the German language offers its speakers three Genders: male, female and neuter which all can be the subject (Nominative) of your sentence.


Recommended study materials on the topic:

    1. A-Grammar: Practice German grammar German (incl. answers)
    2. B-Grammar: Practice German grammar German (incl. answers)
    3. German self-study book for A1-B1  (incl. answers)
    4. Accusative or Dative wheel 
    5. Endings of adjectives wheel


Genders in Nominative


Defined article Undefined article
Male der (the) ein (a) Der / ein Mann tanzt Tango.
Female die (the) eine (a) Die / eine Frau isst Pizza.
Neuter das (the) ein (a) Das / ein Kind spielt Fußball.
Plural die (the) / Die / –  Autos sind schön.


But as like as in English, there are also plenty of sentences in German, where the subject is not necessarily “the” something but “I”, “he” or “we” as to mention some of them. These little words are called “Personalpronomen”.

Personal pronouns in Nominative

ich I Ich trinke Wasser.
du you Du lernst Deutsch
er he Er spricht Spanisch.
sie she Sie liebt Paul.
es it Es ist teuer.
wir we Wir leben in Berlin.
ihr you Ihr singt Lieder.
sie they Sie machen Essen.
Sie you (formal) Sie finden Geld.


The last possibility to name a subject is the help of “Possesivpronomen” (possessive pronouns). As their name already reveals, they show the relation or respectively the possession of a noun.

Possessive pronouns in Nominative

der/das die/die plural
mein meine My Meine Tasche ist schön.
dein deine Your Dein Vater liebt die Oper.
sein seine His Seine Schwester macht Hausaufgaben.
ihr ihre Her Ihr Hund heißt Bello.
sein seine Its Sein Fahrrad ist grün.
unser unsere Our Unsere Kinder sind klein.
euer euere / eure Your Eure Eltern arbeiten viel.
ihr ihre Their Ihre Autos parken hier.
ihr (formal) ihre your Ihre Familie wohnt in Rom.

Summary of Nominative

  • It is always the subject of your sentence, and this can be:
    1. Name
    2. Noun (der Mann, die Frau, das Kind, die Autos)
    3. Personal pronouns (ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr, sie, Sie)
    4. Possessive pronouns (mein/e, dein/e, sein/e, ihr/e, sein/e, unser/e, euer/e, ihr/e, Ihr/e)


Male Robert ist net. Der Junge ist nett. Er ist nett. Mein Junge ist nett.
Female Sabine kocht gern. Die Frau kocht gern. Sie kocht gern. Meine Frau kocht gern.
Neuter Jan spielt mit Autos. Das Kind spielt mit Autos. Es spielt mit Autos. Mein Kind spielt mit Autos
Plural Marie und Paul lernen Deutsch. Die Schüler lernen Deutsch. Sie lernen Deutsch. Meine Schüler lernen Deutsch.


Now, that you understood Nominativ, you can form simple sentences. If you want to prepare a bit for the next round, you can practice the right choice of Gender here: “When to use “der, die or das” in German” as this will be crucially important when we will discover the secrets of “Accusative” soon.


Bis bald!



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