If you study German, one of the most important and probably the first verb you will need is “to be”. In this article, you will learn how to conjugate this essential verb and how you can properly integrate it while speaking.
In German, the verb “sein” has almost all the roles which the English. As a basic verb it gives you the following possibilities to express:
“Sein” as a main verb:
- Sein + noun = Ich bin Student.
- Sein + adjective = Er ist groß.
“Sein” as an auxiliary verb:
- Ich bin nach Hause gegangen. (expressing past tense)
In this article, we will focus on “sein” as the main verb. As you might remember from English, also the verb “to be” is irregular as we do say I am and you are instead of “I be and you be”.
The same applies to German and therefore we need to conjugate the verb “sein” as follows and not regarding the general rules of German verb conjugating:
|ich bin||I am|
|du bist||you are|
|er ist||he is|
|sie ist||she is|
|es ist||it is|
|wir sind||we are|
|ihr seid||you are|
|sie sind||they are|
|Sie sind||formal speech|
Now, as you know how to use the verb “to be” you can start to introduce and talk about yourself using it. For instance:
|Ich bin Jana.||I am Jana.|
|Ich bin Studentin.||I am a student.|
|Ich bin 24 Jahre alt.||I am 24 years old.|
|Ich bin aus Belgien.||I’m from Belgium.|
|Ich bin Vegetarierin||I’m a vegetarian|
|Ich bin Single.||I’m single.|
|Ich bin klein.||I am small.|
|Ich bin müde.||I am tired.|
|Ich bin neu hier.||I’m new here.|
Now you should be able to use the verb “sein” in your everyday life. Since this is an essential verb which you will need to use all the time, make yourself a favor and study it properly so you will not stumble over other problems later on in your German studies.